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Few / A Few / Little / A Little

Категория: Грамматика
Дата: 13.12.2023
Средняя оценка: 5.0 (1 голос)
FEW - not enough for the nouns that we can count (cows, tables, books, etc.) LITTLE - not enough for the nouns that we canNOT count (Uncountable nouns are nouns which cannot be counted and they usually have no plural. These nouns include: food: cheese, butter, meat, salt, pepper, bacon, bread, chocolate, honey, jam, etc. liquids: coffee, milk, water, tea, wine, lemonade, petrol, oil, etc. materials: gold, iron, silver, wood, paper, etc. abstract nouns: beauty, love, happiness, etc. others: hair, money, news, snow, fumiture, weather, advice, etc.) Few / Little conveys the idea of an insufficient quantity of something and carries a negative connotation. Few is employed with countable nouns in the plural form, while Little is utilized with uncountable nouns. For instance: I can't assist you; I have little proficiency in English. To emphasize the shortage, we often add "very": I speak very little English. This individual has few close friends. There's a shortage of milk in the fridge; I must head to the supermarket for replenishment. The subway was sparsely populated; there were very few people. A Few / A Little, in contrast, carry a positive tone and serve as synonyms for "some," signifying "a small but sufficient amount of something." A few pairs with countable nouns in the plural form, while A little aligns with uncountable nouns. Consider these examples: I possess a little proficiency in English. This gentleman has a few reliable friends. He acquired a few notepads and pens. She consumed a little coffee before departing. Comparative and superlative forms of Few / A Few / Little / A Little follow this pattern: Few – fewer – the fewest A few – more – the most Little – less – the least A little – more – the most   Few – fewer – the fewest: 1. She had a few friends over, but even fewer came. (У неё было несколько друзей, но пришло ещё меньше.) 2. The store had few apples, and today there are the fewest. (В магазине было мало яблок, и сегодня их ещё меньше.) 3. He got the fewest votes in the election. (Он получил наименьшее количество голосов на выборах.) A few – more – the most: 1. I have a few books and want to get more. (У меня есть несколько книг, но я хочу больше.) 2. After planting a few seeds, more flowers bloomed. (После посадки нескольких семян, выросло больше цветов, чем ожидалось.) 3. Among the team, she contributed the most. (Из команды она внесла наибольший вклад.) Little – less – the least: 1. She had little time, and now has even less. (У неё было мало времени, и теперь у неё ещё меньше.) 2. There's little sugar left, and I need to buy the least amount. (Сахара осталось мало, и мне нужно купить его минимальное количество.) 3. He has little experience in public speaking, feeling the least confident. (У него мало опыта в публичных выступлениях, и он чувствует себя наименее уверенно.) A little – more – the most: 1. I know a little French but want to learn more. (Я знаю немного французского, но хочу узнать больше.) 2. Add a little spice; you can always put more later. (Добавьте немного специй; всегда можно добавить ещё.) 3. Despite challenges, she showed a little perseverance and achieved the most success. (Несмотря на трудности, она проявила немного настойчивости и достигла наибольшего успеха.)   By paying attention to these subtleties, you can articulate your thoughts precisely while evading issues related to plagiarism and copyright concerns.

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